created—if it is created—as a result of the conversations in Moscow3 and
provided it can be regarded as broadly representative of the Polish people.
I received a message a short while ago ... of the reported arrest of the
wife of the present Polish Prime Minister in London and a certain number
of people working with her in the Red Cross. . . . She is reported to have
been arrested in Poland. I have had no report about that except a message
just before I came to the House^ from the Polish Ambassador in London.
Of course^ we shall take that matter up3 not with the Lublin Committee
which we do not recognise^ but with the Soviet Government. . . .
My hon. Friend the Member for Cambridge University and others who
have been a little critical again to-day—and I must reply to them—really
have not told us what alternative course we ought to pursue. What they
have said is^ c We do not think you ought to have got into this position.5
Let me assure the House that we did not want to get into this position.
It was because we did not wish to arrive at this position that, a long time
ago? my right hon. Friend and I began our efforts—the moment when
Polish-Russian relations were broken off—to try to restore them. I repeat
what the Prime Minister said;, that if little more than a year ago the Polish
Government had felt able to come to a decision about the frontier position
in the East3 I am quite certain it would have been possible for us to make
arrangements with our Allies whereby that Government would now be in
Warsaw with Mr. Mikolajczyk as its Prime Minister. It is just because
we feared this present situation was going to arise that we made those
efforts. Faced with that situation^ neither my hon. Friend^ nor anyone
else in this Debate,, has told us of any course we could pursue^ except to
sit still and take no action at all.
AGREEMENT OF MUTUAL ASSISTANCE BETWEEN THE
UNITED KINGDOM AND POLAND
London^ August 25th,, 1939.
Should one of the Contracting Parties become engaged in hostilities with
a European Power in consequence of aggression by the latter against that
Contracting Party 3 the other Contracting Party will at once give the
Contracting Party engaged in hostilities all the support and assistance in
(1) The provisions of Article 1 will also apply in the event of any action
by a European Power which clearly threatened^ directly or indirectly^ the
independence of one of the Contracting Parties, and was of such a nature
that the Party in question considered it vital to resist it with its armed forces.
(2) Should one of the Contracting Parties become engaged in hostilities
with a European Power in consequence of action by that Power which
threatened the independence or neutrality of another European State in